（1）Two dogs, Aand and B, ran into the lobby of the hotel.
（2）Only three people — a real estate agent, B and C — attended hte Chamber of Commerce Mixer.
（3）Last Christmas, Helen visited only one person : her father.
in February, in 1999 , in the morning
on Monday, on June 1
at 8:00 AM
in (city, county) in Tainan, in Taiwan
on (street) on First Street
at (address; a specific place) at 43 canner street, at school, at university, at home, at the store,
in (inside of a place) in the library (lab)
on (on top of ) on the desk, on the bed
in (inside) in my room, in my desk, in the car
3 reasons to, object to
a big influence on me, to concentrate on the content, insist on,
forgive you for +Ving,
seek [X for], seek informaiton about....
後面不加介係詞的動詞: seek, emphasize,interview
Using Gender-inclusive terms
(1)sculptor(sculptress)、flight attendant(stewardess)、representatives(Congressmen) Congresspersons、chairperson、Letter carriers、business executives、business owner(businessmen)、metorologists(weathermen)、fire fighter(fireman)、humankind(mankind)、they(he/she)。
Making Language Choices
(H) insupportable、preposterous、(M) incredible 、ludicrous、groundless、absurd、silly、false(S)crazt、 loony、bull
Choosing Words for their connotation
J is ambitious. vs. J is pushy.
J is tough-minded. vs J is ruthless.
J is foresighted. vs. J is calculating.
J is firm. vs J is stubborn.
Simile and Metaphor
(1) Boston is like Philadelphia; it lives on its past.
(2) After the mole devoured its prey, it sank into the earth as a submarine sinks into the water. -Konard z. Lorenz, adapted
(3) as if
An angrey man is a raging bull.
Every muscle in my body ached and cried for mercy.
complain to (a person)
complain about (a thing)
Avoiding Jargon, pretentious words, and ehphemisms
technical terms, can do so--
She fractured her tibia (shinbone) in three places.
Avoiding Wordiness 方法
underline the most important words, check agian
Avoid starting sentences with phrases such as there is and it is; however, there are can be used with good effect to open a list-structure paragraph.
Turn nouns into verbs
ex. The crew had an encounter with emergency.
ex. The crew encountered an emergency.
Get rid of adjective clauses like who are, which was and that had been
replace prepositional phrases with single words
ex. She spoke in regard to water pollution.
ex. She spoke about ..
Avoid the verb to be in sentences
avoid the fact that
英文簡報技巧 2 How to conclue a PowerPoint presentation